Mythes et héros / Myths and heroes - To what extent can Road 66 be seen as a myth - Anglais - Terminale S

Mythes et héros / Myths and heroes - To what extent can Road 66 be seen as a myth - Anglais - Terminale S

digiSchool vous propose un document d'Anglais Terminale S sur le thème "Road 66", du chapitre "Myths and heroes".

Dans ce cours, vous apprendrez tout ce qu'il faut savoir sur cette Route 66, ses origines, ses buts, mais aussi quelquesnotions à retenir de ce thème.

Téléchargez gratuitement ce document Mythes et héros, pour le Bac Scientifique.

Document rédigé par un prof Mythes et héros / Myths and heroes - To what extent can Road 66 be seen as a myth - Anglais - Terminale S

Le contenu du document

 

theme-anglais-road-66-myths-and-heroes

 

I. HOW TO DEFINE SHORTLY ROUTE 66?

A highway that crosses the US from Chicago (Illinois) to Santa Monica in California, built from 1926 to 1938. 

It is 3945 kilometers long. Some farmers during the Great Depression took that road to go to California where they hoped they would find a better future. 

John Steinbeck in his novel: “The Grapes of Wrath” published in 1939 described their journey through America.

Later in 1957, Jack Kerouac, an American poet and novelist published a book called: “On the road”. 

He was a pioneer of the Beat Generation and through his book he related his road-trip adventures across the USA and Mexico. 

 

II. WHAT KIND OF PEOPLE ARE TRAVELLING ON THAT HIGHWAY: ORIGINS AND GOALS?

People who want to discover what real America is.

They’re looking for freedom. They encounter various lifestyles and different people. It is also a way to renew with wild life, personal thinking and consciousness.

 

It is also a very touristic road where you can admire Grand Canyon, or visit ghost towns of the old Far West. You feel like a pioneer who discovers the gigantism of the USA and its past. 

 

However, today this road has lost some interests because of the developing highways and the lack of interest in history.

 

III. THE BEAT GENERATION

The Beat Generation was a group of authors whose literature explored and influenced American culture in the post-World War II era.

Jack Kerouac introduced the phrase "Beat Generation" in 1948 to characterize a perceived underground, anti-conformist youth movement in New York.  

 

They were defending the freedom of sex, homosexuality and therefore were considered shocking for most American people. 

They were shaking American conservative values and standards.

 

Some central elements of the "Beat culture” included rejection of received standards, innovations in style, experimentation with drugs, alternative sexualities (more than one partner), an interest in Eastern religion, a rejection of materialism (no more clothes), and explicit portrayals of the human condition.

 

They paved the way for what would happen in 1968.

 

IV. SOME USEFUL WORDS

some-useful-words-road-66-anglais

 

V. A POSSIBLE SUBJECT: (WRITING EXPRESSION)

→ Do you think it is possible one day to live a great adventure with little money but with great hopes? (250 words)

 

LES TERMES IMPORTANTS DU SUJET :

ONE DAY GREAT ADVENTURE LITTLE MONEY HOPES

 

Il est nécessaire de définir ce qu’on entend par GREAT ADVENTURE et qu’est-ce qu’on met dans le mot HOPE, l’importance de l’argent dans les voyages et dans sa façon de combler les rêves les plus fous (donc pas forcement nécessaires pour voyager) 

De plus en plus de gens partent seulement avec un sac a dos, nombreux sont ceux par exemple qui ont découvert les États-Unis avec peu d’argent en poche et qui ont fait fortune (American dream : peut être défini mais attention il faut le relier au sujet, parler de l’influence de Kerouac et de son livre sans en faire un résumé complet ou sans présenter une biographie complète de son auteur car vous êtes alors hors sujet))

Vous pouvez également parler de la beat generation (mais sans trop s’étaler : parler de leur recherche de l’anticonformisme, de liberté, du refus de l’argent et des valeurs malsaines qu’il vehicule, n’omettez pas de le situer dans le contexte de l’époque. Une approche dans l’introduction peut être un bon moyen de démarrer votre dissertation)

 

VI. EXEMPLE DU SUJET REDIGE

In every lifetime, men or women have the feeling that one day they have to get out of their lives to discover themselves through a spiritual travel around the world. As a student it is possible to take a gap year in order to experience life, autonomy and discovery, as adults it is a way to remember young years. Experiencing such a travel can be done for instance while driving or hitch hiking along the route 66 also called the mother road. Nowadays, travelling can appear quite expensive but still some people experiment travelling with little money.

 

- you don’t need money to discover:  Morals values: trust, tolerance and generosity (woofing)

- Couchsurfers share their homes, cities and lives in profound in meaningful ways, making travel anywhere in the world a truly social experience.

- necessary to know oneself and the world which surrounds us.

- money brings you comfort and hides reality (tourist trap)

- relationships between people are often rotten by money and people are exposing more their standard of living rather than who they really are.

- There is a new trend that pushes people to live the experience of a lifetime, to get rid of all the barriers society of men has arisen (oppressed individuals who are doomed to earn more money by working more) 

-Many organizations urge people to drop fake values, consumerism and to center themselves on others in order to discover the inner self. 

 

The consumer society has deeply influenced people on the way people travel, from the discovery of holidays in 1936 to a return to plain holidays, people tend to prefer eco-tourism to mass tourism, they are careful on how they spend their money, preferring experimenting real life. Mythical places have lost their interests and are only seen as bookish.

 

VII. MAJOR REFERENCES TO THE MYTH

1. IN MOVIES 

The GRAPES of WRATH: starring Henry Fonda a major actor of the fifties. This film has been released in 1940, it was adapted by a book written one year before by John Steinbeck. The film was directed by John Ford and narrated the story of a poor family from the midwest. They lost their land and had to travel on the mother road in order to reach California. they will endure many problems linked to the Great Depression.

 

Badgad Café: a comedy and a drama where a lonely German woman ends up in a motel on the road 66, the movie is offering the greatest landscapes a person can cross when he is on route 66.

 

Thelma and Louise: a film made by Ridley Scott with Susan Sarandon and Geena Davis, a film considered as a road movie. The two characters decided to renew with a more satisfying life and with freedom and they decide one day to live their husbands.

 

Easy Rider : starring Dennis Hopper in 1969 who travels along the route 66 at the end of the sixties and the beginning of the seventies, showing his protest against the vietnam war. This film was famous because it presented the alternative ways of life and the search for freedom.

 

2. IN ARTS 

vue-road-66-anglais-myths-and-heroes

 

Cadillac ranch : a piece of art on the former route 66 in Texas.

 

road-66-anglais-myths-and-heroes

   In Santa Monica : a touristic spot like in Las Vegas

Fin de l'extrait

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