Lieux et formes de pouvoir / Places and forms of power : the power of the press - Anglais - Terminale S

Lieux et formes de pouvoir / Places and forms of power : the power of the press - Anglais - Terminale S

digiSchool te propose une fiche de révision d'Anglais de Terminale S, sur le thème Lieux et...

Lieux et formes de pouvoir / Places and forms of power : the power of the press - Anglais - Terminale S

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digiSchool te propose une fiche de révision d'Anglais de Terminale S, sur le thème Lieux et formes de pouvoir : "The power of the press".

Dans un premier temps, une introduction du thème sera effectué. Ensuite, vous découvrirez l'historique de la pressedurant la présidence de Richard Nixon et également durant l'époque de Reagan. Enfin, vous verrez que certaines affaires ont été découvertes grâce à la presse. Pour finir, une conclusion du thème sera donnée ainsi que des exemples de sujets d'anglais possibles au Bac.

Téléchargez gratuitement ce cours d'Anglais de Terminale Scientifique sur "Places and forms of power".

 

INTRODUCTION

The Anglo-Saxon press is composed of different types:

-the gutter press/ the tabloids/the popular press : they propose pictures of famous people in embarrassing situations or reveal scandals. they are mostly read by women.

-the quality papers : they propose analysis, comments of intellectuals, they take into account the world news. They are often difficult to read for common people. 

 

In The USA the American press is often referred to as the FOURTH POWER because it has the power to counterbalance the government thanks to the FIRST AMENDMENT of the Constitution.

 

The First Amendment: it guarantees to people FREE SPEECH and the FREEDOM OF THE PRESS. 

 

In some occasions the government reduced this free speech and the freedom of the press, during the Vietnam war for example. 

 

Some accusations were made against Lyndon B Johnson. Among which the fact that he was releasing biased information, half-truths. Journalists were denoucing the credibility gap.

 

DURING RICHARD NIXON’S PRESIDENCY 

richard-nixon-power-of-the-press

 

Two main events established the power and independence of the press:

 

-the PENTAGON PAPERS: in 1971 Daniel Ellsberg released a secret defense Department history of the Vietnam war in the New York Times, Nixon sued the paper in the name of the national interest but then the Washington Post and many other newspapers released the secret, the Supreme Court decided that the press was right.

the-pentagon-paper-power-of-the-press

 

-the WATERGATE: it is the name of a building in which the Democratic party had its headquarters. It was spied by Nixon’s Republican Party. The illegal campaign practices as well as Nixon’s perjury were revealed. The two journalists from the Washington Post Bob Woodward, Carl Bernstein ‘s article led to the resignation of Nixon on August 9th, 1974.

the-washington-post-power-of-the-press

the-washington-post-power-of-the-press(2)

the-washington-post-power-of-the-press(3)

 

During almost each American presidencies scandals burst out in the press:

 

THE REAGAN’S YEARS HAD TO FACE THE IRANGATE.

Reagan-power-of-the-press

 

In 1986 the press revealed that the USA had sold arms illegally to Iran, first to free the American hostages held in Beirut and then to support the guerilla war in Nicaragua (irancontra scandal). Ronald Reagan shifted the responsibility to army officials: Oliver north was the most famous one.

Reagan-power-of-the-press(2)

 

SOME MORE AFFAIRS WERE REVEALED THANKS TO THE PRESS

-the Clinton’s affair and the whitewaters scandal.

 

profumo-affair-power-of-the-press

-Profumo Affair (1963): Secretary of State for War John Profumo had an affair with prostitute Christine Keeler (to whom he had been introduced by pimp and drug-dealer Stephen Ward) who was having an affair with a Soviet spy at the same time.

 

edward-snowden-power-of-the-press

-Edward Snowden, a former contractor for the CIA,The scandal broke in early June 2013 when the Guardian newspaper reported that the US National Security Agency (NSA) was collecting the telephone records of tens of millions of Americans.

 

wikileaks-power-of-the-press

-Wikileaks: an international and nonprofit organization which published secret information, news leaks and classified media from anonymous sources. Julian Assage, an Australian Internet activist is said to be the founder, editor-in-chief and director.

 

hillary-clinton-power-of-the-press

-Hilary Clinton and her emails.

 

-Francois Hollande and his love affair.

 

-Kennedy and Marilyn affair.

 

-Tiger woods and his cheating.

 

-Marion Jones and her drug use.

 

-Football scandals.

 

CONCLUSION

Of course nowadays many use the press to build their celebrity, to entertain people or to earn a lot a money.

Social media had created a new breed of paparazzi and people are much more interested in scandals than in real issues such as economics or politics. 

These new journalists are blessed by social media. Selfies or snapchats are now common even political people use them not to convey their ideas, not to denounce but only to remain on the stage.

 

But this Free Press has become an essential part of American society. Each time the government tries to reduce it it increases the wish to know (investigative journalism becomes more and more powerful).

 

But this Free Press has become an essential part of American society. Each time the government tries to reduce it it increases the wish to know (investigative journalism becomes more and more powerful).

 

America is defined by the way the press acts. Thomas Jefferson wrote in the Declaration of Independence that a nation is “free if the media are free”.

first-amendment-power-of-the-press

 

SUJETS BAC POSSIBLES

1. Are counter powers growing in influence?

2. Are traditional papers disappearing?

3. imagine you are an investigative journalist and you want to make people aware of a fact concerning the government. Write the article

4. the media do not always respect people’s sufferings and private lives; do you share this view? 

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