Lieux et formes de pouvoir / Places and forms of power : Political parties in the US - Anglais - Terminale S

Lieux et formes de pouvoir / Places and forms of power : Political parties in the US - Anglais - Terminale S

digiSchool vous propose un cours de Terminale Scientifique d'Anglais sur le thème Lieux et formes de pouvoir, "Political parties in th US".

Vous découvrirez premièrement une introduction à ce chapitre, puis les symboles des deux partis politiques aux Etats-Unis, les Républicains et les Démocrates. Une comparaison de ces deux derniers sera effectuée, ainsi qu'un rappel du système politique en Amérique, avec ses différents pouvoirs.

Téléchargez gratuitement cette fiche de révision d'Anglais Terminale S sur "Places et forms of power".

Lieux et formes de pouvoir / Places and forms of power : Political parties in the US - Anglais - Terminale S

Le contenu du document

 

INTRODUCTION

political-parties-in-the-us-forms-of-power

George Wahington the first elected president of the USA was quite hostile to political parties.

 Indeed he thought that they were just acting for their personal interests. 

Quickly a shift appeared between those who were for a strict use of the constitution and those who thought they could have a loose interpretation of it. 

In those days the two main parties were the Federalists and the anti-federalists. 

The Federalist party disappeared after 1812. 

The party which remained was split into two : the national Republican Party and the Democratic Republican party.

Since the mid-nineteenth century there is a two-party system : the Democratic party and the Republican party (nowadays : GOP → the Grand Old Party)

 

THE SYMBOL OF THE TWO PARTIES

symbols-of-two-parties-forms-of-power

 

a donkey for Democrats

(represented by Hilary Clinton for the next election)

an elephant for the Republicans

(represented by Donald Trump for the next election)

 

The tea party movement : appeared after Obama’s election and it protest against the taxes imposed by his government.This movement was represented by Sarah Palin. This movement alos contributed to change the majority in the House of Representatives. It is a reference to the protest led in Great Britain in 1773 against taxes.

 

sarah-palin-forms-of-power

 

WHAT DO THEY EACH STAND FOR ?

two-parties-forms-of-power-tle

two-parties-2-forms-of-power

 

HOW DOES THE AMERICAN POLITICAL SYSTEM WORK?

The constitution of 1776 establishes the three main powers :

- the executive power : led by the president who is the Chief of the Executive

- the legislative power which is divided into two parts : the House of representatives and the Senate

- the Judiciary which is led by the Supreme Court

 

THE EXECUTIVE POWER

executive-power-forms-of-power

 

1. the president is elected evey four years in November (the 8th of 2016)

2. he must be 35 years old at least

3. he must be a citizen

4. he must be born on the American soil

5. he must be a resident of the US

6. He becomes president after he swears into office : on January 20th in front of the capitol.

7. He can be replaced by his vice president if he dies, resigns or commits a crime (perjury for example)

8. He is commander in chief of the Armed forces

9. He appointed ambassadors

10. he runs the foreign and the defense policy

11. he appointed the members of the Supreme Court

 

THE LEGISLATIVE POWER

legislative-power-forms-of-power

 

the House of representatives 

there are 435 seats which are distributed according to the population shift of each state.

the Senate

Two senators represent each state (whether there are big or small). It is presided by the vice-president

 

THE JUDICIARY POWER

judiciary-power-forms-of-power

 

 It is the highest tribunal of the country and it guarantees the right use of the Constitution. It has 9 members (the Chief Justice and 8 associates) who are appointed for life by the president.

 

The Constitution clearly declared that all the three powers are separate. 

The powers each one has is counterbalanced by the other two. It is called “the check and balances”.

 

checks-and-balances-forms-of-power

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