Espaces et Echanges / Spaces and Exchanges : Latinos aux Etats-Unis - Anglais - Terminale S

Espaces et Echanges / Spaces and Exchanges : Latinos aux Etats-Unis - Anglais - Terminale S

Nous mettons à votre disposition ce cours d'Anglais de Terminale S, rédigé par notre professeur, consacré à la notion "Espaces et échanges" ou "Spaces and Exchanges" en anglais, consacré aux latinos aux Etats-Unis.

Vous vous intéresserez tout d'abord à l'immigration durant les 25 dernières années, puis vous verrez qui sont leslatinos, où sont les populations les plus importantes, mais aussi leur arrivée aux Etats-Unis. Enfin, notre professeur vous donne du vocabulaire en lien avec le sujet.

Téléchargez gratuitement ci-dessous ce cours d'anglais sur le thème "Espaces et Echanges" (Spaces and Exchanges) sur les latinos aux Etats-Unis.

Espaces et Echanges / Spaces and Exchanges : Latinos aux Etats-Unis - Anglais - Terminale S

Le contenu du document

 

They represent a vast majority in the US nowadays and will with no doubt count for the next presidential election. 

Both Hilary Clinton and Donald Trump know that it is a major issue to deal with and that the weight of this community cannot be neglected.

Donald Trump et Hilary Clinton - Spaces and Exchanges - Espaces et Echanges - Bac Anglais

On many occasions, Donald Trump explained that it is absolutely necessary to get rid of the illegal migrants as they represent a real danger for America. 

According to him Obama has failed to control that immigration and that’s the main reason why the country is in a difficult position. 

With his slogan “America first”, he relaunches the debate on what is acceptable or not in terms of jobs, economics and internal safety.

 

IMMIGRATION OVER THE LAST 25 YEARS AND NOWADAYS

Immigration aux USA - Espaces et Echanges - Spaces and Exchanges - Bac Anglais

RECENT LEGISLATION 1990 IMMIGRATION ACT (IMMACT)

It limits the annual number of immigrants to 700,000 (family reunification and employment-related immigration as the main immigration criteria). + Diversity Visa (DV) program, where 55,000 immigrant visas would be available in an annual lottery to diversify the immigrant population in the United States 

 

FACTS & FIGURES

Population projections by a Census Bureau report (2008) 

  2008 2050
Non-Hispanic whites 68% 46%
Hispanic (of any race) 15% 30%
Non-Hispanic blacks 12% 15%
Asian American 5% 9%

The United States admitted more legal immigrants from 1991 to 2000 than in any previous decade -

In 2010, a quarter of the residents of the United States under 18 were immigrants or are immigrants' children - The top twelve emigrant countries in 2006: Mexico, People's Republic of China, Philippines, India, Cuba, Colombia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Vietnam, Jamaica, South Korea, Guatemala. - 

the Democratic Party is considered to be in a far stronger position among immigrants overall. Donald Trump has made clear statements about how he will cope with illegal immigration (a new tall wall).

 

ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION

The number of undocumented foreign-born persons is large and has increased rapidly until 2005.  

 

Who are they?

- They are called “undocumented persons”, “illegals”, “illegal aliens” - Most of them are Mexican

- They work (illegally) in many sectors of the U.S. economy (agriculture; service industries; construction)

 

Why do they enter the USA illegally? 

- economic reasons (standard of living in their own country) 

- "network effect" = chain immigration (Mexicans move to join relatives already in the U.S) 

- political reasons (e.g. Cubans) BUT from 2005 to 2009, the number of people entering the U.S. illegally declined. 

 

How can it be accounted for?

A series of measures taken from 2005 (Bush administration) as:

- The Mexico – United States barrier = the border fence = the rotted fence = the border wall: several separation barriers designed to prevent illegal movement across the Mexico

– United States border. - the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act (AEDPA) + the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRIRA) illegal aliens can be deported and have imposed mandatory detention. 

Detention About 31,000 people are held in immigration detention on any given day, including children, in over 200 detention centers, jails, and prisons nationwide. 

 

SOME MORE INFORMATION

WHO ARE THEY?

2012: 52 million Hispanics, 

17% of the US population, not including the 12 million undocumented = the “wetbacks” 

They represent 11% of the electorate (Cubans = Republican, Mexicans and Puertoricans = Democrat)  

 

WHERE DO THEY GATHER?

Most live in the sunbelt (California and Florida)  

Sunbelt - Spaces and Exchanges Bac Anglais

 

HOW DO THEY ARRIVE?

An international border you can cross on foot 3,169 km (California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas) 

the most frequently crossed international border in the world, about 250 million people crossing every year. 

Immigration aux Etats-Unis - Espaces et Echanges Anglais Bac

 

IS THIS IMMIGRATION A BOON OR A BANE?

- an economic force to be taken into account a cheap labor force because they are often unqualified and unskilled and said to be hard-working / industrious people (embrace the American work ethic > Republican) e.g. Child-minders, janitors, cleaners, seasonal workers, farm laborers, housework, domestic chores, catering. 

-1st-generation immigrants have moved up the social ladder: consumers (Anti-communist) Cubans in the 1960s were skilled professionals and managers in their homeland and they are the most successful share of the Hispanics.

- A demographic force: workers are tax-payers 

They are young so they are providing for the elderly. 

- the political challenge posed by the Latino wave assimilation is tested:

Indeed, Mexicans fail to conform to American customs and habits. Mexicans threaten the Anglo-Saxon traditions. 

Spanish speakers do not relinquish their language (schools, newspapers, ads) > Spanglish, barrios (self-contained Spanish-speaking enclaves), some states offer services in both languages (education)

 

 >>bilingualism could be a challenge to A’s homogeneity the law of large numbers: e.g. Miami is 65 % Hispanic (Cubans) , district called Little Havana 

 

The browning of America will change the look, the sound and the taste of America a nation within a nation.

 

USEFUL WORDS

a tycoon = big businessman

an academic = a scholar

noisome = disgusting 

to bother = to annoy

to dissemble = to dissimulate 

resentment = bitterness, dissatisfaction 

a culprit : a person who is guilty (guilty is the adjective , culprit the noun)

gross = obvious and unacceptable

a boon = a blessing, 

a benefit bigotry = bias, intolerance, racism, chauvinism 

to be a fool = to be stupid 

to spot = to notice 

to grasp = to understand 

a magnet : to attract something 

a burden : un fardeau, un poids 

to crawl : to swim, to be down on one’s knees

to be caught red handed : to be arrested while doing something illegal

a two tier society : a society with two different levels

to reinforce : to increase

shattered hopes : blighted hopes : when you have no more hopes

 

SOME USEFUL ARTICLES

GOP gains traction among Hispanic voters with aggressive outreach campaigns

By Rosalind S. Helderman and Peyton Craighill 

November 5 2014, The Washington Post

 

More Mexicans leaving than Coming to the US

By Griselda Nevarez

nbc.news.com    November 19 2015

Fin de l'extrait

Vous devez être connecté pour pouvoir lire la suite

Télécharger ce document gratuitement

Donne ton avis !

Rédige ton avis

Votre commentaire est en attente de validation. Il s'affichera dès qu'un membre de Bac S le validera.
Attention, les commentaires doivent avoir un minimum de 50 caractères !
Vous devez donner une note pour valider votre avis.

Nos infos récentes du Bac S

Communauté au top !

Vous devez être membre de digiSchool bac S

Pas encore inscrit ?

Ou identifiez-vous :

Mot de passe oublié ?