Espaces et échanges / Spaces and exchanges : Going green - Anglais - Terminale S

Espaces et échanges / Spaces and exchanges : Going green - Anglais - Terminale S

digiSchool vous propose de découvrir le thème Espaces et échanges, "Going green" de Terminale S Anglais.

Dans un premier temps, vous trouverez une introduction au thème. Puis, le document traitera du mouvement écologiste aux USA, et les critiques dont il est victime. Enfin, vous verrez la place de ce mouvement écologiste au Royaume-Uni.

Téléchargez gratuitement cette fiche de révision du Bac Scientifique d'Anglais sur le thème Spaces and exchanges.

Espaces et échanges / Spaces and exchanges : Going green - Anglais - Terminale S

Le contenu du document

 

INTRODUCTION

The end of plastic bags, saving water and endangered species, limiting consumption of gas, selective sorting, development of new techniques, are the different means some countries have established. 

Even if we live on the same planet, the behaviors are quite different if you are Scandinavian, Russian or American.

Some countries are advancing very rapidly in eco-friendly behavior, they are inventing and investing whereas others are refusing to sign protocols or think it is just propaganda coming from anti-capitalist conspiracy.

 

going-green-spaces-and-exchanges-tle

 

The planet is in danger as humanity uses its resources very quickly, too quickly according to specialists and we are living on credits earlier each year.

 

IN THE UNITED STATES 

SOME FACTS 

-the USA is self-sufficient in coal but need to import some oil.

-the USA has more than 100 nuclear reactors.

-the USA is deeply interested in shale gas.

-an interest in wind power.

 

The USA is a great polluter (second after China) with greenhouses gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, ozone or nitrous oxide. 

They have signed the Kyoto Protocol in 2002 but has not ratified it. Before in 1992 the summit of Rio in Brazil declared that a polluter should bear the cost of pollution.

 

There isn’t a Department of Environment just an agency of protection.

 

In 2002, The USA proposes an alternative to the Kyoto Protocol. 

They wanted to decrease the intensity of greenhouses effects from 18% to 10 %.

 

an-inconvenient-truth-going-green-tle

 

In 2006 Al Gore a former vice-president made a documentary “an inconvenient truth” to raise people’s awareness on the climate change and its dangers.

 A year later he received the Nobel Peace Prize.

 

During the Obama’s years there has been a campaign promise, an investment in renewable energy and a reliance on oil provided by foreign countries, but also a promise to make coal less competitive.

In 2009 implementation of a cap and trade system to limit global warming, to help clean energy development.

In 2013 restrictions were imposed on carbon pollution.

 

HOWEVER, SOME CRITICS ARE MADE FOR 

-the production of ethanol fuel

-fracking (hydraulic fracturing)

-oil sand extraction

These technics are said to be polluting techniques.

 

The media talk about Greenwashing (some companies are using ecology to sell their products but they are far from being eco-friendly).

 

Some famous stars are defending nature like Leonardo Di Caprio through foundations and charity organizations. stars like Cameron Diaz are big fans of organic fashion or organic food as Gywneth Paltrow.

 

association-organic-standard-going-green-tle

 

IN THE UNITED KINGDOM

It has become a fashion; people are eco-conscious frenzy.

They use every means to show their good intentions towards environment, even some mayors are using their bikes to go to work. It was the case of David Cameron who had a wind turbine on the roof of his house in Notting Hill and who was very often going to the 10 Downing Street using his bike.

 

The British media were the first to use the word carbon footprint. Nowadays you can measure your own carbon footprint each time you do something.  The idea is also to compensate with an ecofriendly measure each time you have made a carbon footprint.

 

Fair trade is also very important in Scandinavian countries.

 

fair-trade-going-green-spaces-and-exchanges-tle

 

Freeganism developed in the USA and then in Britain. It is a way to reduce wastes, people are taking in garbage some products that were thrown away by supermarkets because the dates of consumption are too short.

 

in 2008 The UK signed the Climate Change Act in order to achieve a cut of 80% in the UK’s carbon emissions by 2050.

 

In 2012, the Green Deal was established: a policy to provide homeowners with money (some thousand pounds) to make their properties more energy-efficient.

Many people thought it wouldn’t do anything to fight fuel poverty, it will increase the loss of independence.

That same year the Energy Bill was signed: some measures to close nuclear and coal stations in order to reduce dependence on fossil fuels and to reduce energy demand.

 

In 2013, some investments and plans were made on:

 

- Low carbon energy: new nuclear reactors/ a low carbon economy to increase jobs.

- shale gas: tax breaks to develop this technique.

- energy intensive industries: some financial help to these industries till 2050.

going-green-spaces-and-exchanges-tle-anglais

Fin de l'extrait

Vous devez être connecté pour pouvoir lire la suite

Télécharger ce document gratuitement

Donne ton avis !

Rédige ton avis

Votre commentaire est en attente de validation. Il s'affichera dès qu'un membre de Bac S le validera.
Attention, les commentaires doivent avoir un minimum de 50 caractères !
Vous devez donner une note pour valider votre avis.

Nos infos récentes du Bac S

Communauté au top !

Vous devez être membre de digiSchool bac S

Pas encore inscrit ?

Ou identifiez-vous :

Mot de passe oublié ?