Corrigé Anglais LV1 - Bac S Washington 2016

Corrigé Anglais LV1 - Bac S Washington 2016

Consultez gratuitement le corrigé d'Anglais LV1 du bac S de Washington 2016.

Cette correction a été faite par notre professeur d'Anglais, et vous y trouverez toutes les réponses rédigées aux questions de compréhension, ainsi que tous les sujets d'expression écrite.

Téléchargez ci-dessous le sujet corrigé d'Anglais LV1 du Bac S de Washington 2016 !

Corrigé Anglais LV1 - Bac S Washington 2016

Le contenu du document

 

COMPREHENSION

DOCUMENT A

1. a) In which country does the scene take place ?

The scene takes place in the United States. (clues: Washington, Seattle, Phi Beta Kappa fraternity)

b) What do Tom Bolles and Al Ubrickson have in common ?

They are both rowing coaches

 

2. Focus on Tom Bolles and Al Ubrickson.

a) Compare their physical appearances. (30 words)

Both Tom Bolles and Al Ubrickson are tall men. However, Tom is a slim man who wears glasses while Al is a strong handsome man with cold eyes.

b) How do people perceive them ? (30 words)

They produce very different impressions on people: Tom looks like a "pleasant" (l.3) "professor" (l.6), while Al dresses formally and gives an impression of authority, of being "the boss" (l.35)

c) Compare their respective roles.

Tom Bolles is the "freshman coach" (l.2), which means he trains the first-year students. He is described as an "educator" (l.7) who explains and teaches. Al Ulbrickson is "head coach" (l.33) and seems more commanding and strict than Tom Bolles.

 

3. True or flase. Justify your answer with one or two quotes from the text.

a) Joe belongs to the upper class.

False "A few, like Joe, were farm boys or lumberjacks" (l.16)

b) The scene takes place in a high school.

False "They could assume that the boys had played the sport in high school" (l.9-10) + "head coach of the University of Washington rowing program" (l.33)

c) The scene takes place nowadays.

False. "He was just thirty" (l.35) associated with "the former stroke oar of a Washington crew that had won national championships in 1924 and 1926" (l.39-40)

d) Al Ubrickson is quite attractive.

True "he was strikingly good-looking" (l.38)

e) Al Ubrickson is a middle-aged man.

False "he was just thirty - young enough that he needed to draw a line of demarcation" (l.35-36)

 

4. a) How Many sports are mentioned in the text ?

Three sports are mentioned in the text: rowing, basketball and football

b) Which one has been the least practiced so far by the young men ?

Rowing is the one which has been least practiced so far by the freshmen.

 

5. In Bolles’ opinion, what are the qualities required to succeed in this sport ? (one or two sentences)

According to Bolles, it takes both strength and intelligence to be successful in rowing.

 

DOCUMENT B

6. To which sporting event does document B refer to ?

Document B refers to the Olympic Games of 1936 (l.6)

 

7. What do most of the characters present in the text have in common ?

Most of the characters referred to in Document B are now old men who were part of the same rowing team back in the 1930's.

 

8. Are they all still alive ? Justify your answer by quoting from the text.

Four of them are still alive, "the survivors of the crew" (l.11-12)

 

DOCUMENT A AND B

9. In what ways are documents A and B related ? (30 words)

Document A and B are both related to the same sport, rowing. In addition, given that the dates (1930's), places (Washington) and at least one name (Joe, mentioned in both documents) seem to match, it is fair to assume that they both discuss the same American rowing team which won gold during the 1936 Olympics in Germany.

 

10. Focus on Bolles (Document A) and Bob Moch (Document B). Do they seem to agree on what is needed to succeed in their sport ? (30 words)

Bolles and Bob Moch both seem to agree that determination and good leadership are needed to succeed in their sport. In addition, Bolles mentions intelligence and toughness, while Moch emphasizes focus.

 

11. Document A, lines 27-29: “Would the farm boys be able to pick up with the intellectual side of the sport ? Would the city boys have the toughness simply to survive ? Most of them, Bolles knew, would not.”

What does this reveal about Bolles’ personal opinion as regards these boys ? (40 words)

This passage shows that Bolle's knows that a good rower is a rare combination of both strength and finesse, and while most of the young men who come to him at the beginning of the University year may possess one or the other quality, few, in his coaching experience, have both.

 

Seuls les candidats de la série L composant au titre de la LVO (Langue Vivante Obligatoire) traitent la question 12

12. Document B, lines 20-22: “The guys from 1936 don’t much like the notion of rowers training fuul time into their 30s to be members of national teams. “We had lives to live, jobs to do” McMillin said. “We were amateurs.”” (50 words)

What does this statement mean ?

This statement means that back in 1930's Olympic athletes such as Bob Moch were dedicated to their sport but didn't consider it as a career or the sole focus of their lives. They were amateurs, which Moch seems to consider nobler than professional athletes of today who concentrate exclusively on their training and performance.

 

Seuls les candidats de la série L composant au titre de la LVA (Langue Vivante Approfondie) traitent la question 13.

13. Document B, lines 16-18: “They might not have been aware of the significance of winning a glod medal in Germany at that time, but people back home were.”

Comment upon this statement (50 words)

This statement shows that even though the athletes themselves claim that they were only interested in winning the race, purely focused on their "job" as Moch puts it, the rest of the population was well aware of the political impact of winning a gold medal in Germany at that time, when international tensions were high.

 

EXPRESSION

Les candidats des séries ES, S et L qui ne composent pas au titre de la LVA (Langue Vivante Approfondie) traiteront un des deux sujets suivants.

1. Jim McMillin has to deliver a motivational speech to young people about the way sport can positively influence their lives. Write the speech. (250 words)

I imagine that most of you kids don't have any idea who I am. My name is Jim McMillin and I was part of the American rowing team who won gold medal during the 1936 Olympics in Germany.

But I'm not here today to tell that story. You can probably find out all about it in ten seconds on Gorgle or whatever you call that Internet thing which knows everything these days... No, I am here today to inspire you to live better lives through sport. Because if I went on to have a great engineering career, I owe it largely to the values and qualities which rowing encouraged and developed in me.

First of all, determination to reach your goal despite the difficulties, despite the bad days, despite the failures. You know, rowing looks graceful but it requires a lot of strength and I can tell you that we were all exhausted after our training sessions. And still we showed up the next time, ready to train some more.

In rowing as in life, you can't do much good unless you learn to be part of a team. Not an easy thing, that. To trust your team-mates and to participate without trying to take control of things. It also taught me to value the interest of the whole team over my own ego, which later made me a better manager.

These are just two examples of how sport can have a positive impact on your life, but I am sure that you will find many others in your own lives if you just try. Thank you.

 

2. Do you think that professional sports have changed the way sport is considered ? (250 words)

Although we may forget it sometimes, high-level sport was not always a professional affair. And indeed in many countries and depending on which sport we are looking at, many top-level athletes are not professionals.  However, some sports are now professionalized at the highest level. Has it changed the way that sport is now considered?

Professionalization has several consequences, the first one being that money becomes a lot more important. This puts pressure on the athletes, who are "paid to be very good at what they do", and means that the clubs and teams have to generate enough money in order to afford players. This is particularly visible in the world of football.

Because of the pressure generated by the introduction of (often large) amounts of money, the temptation is great to use doping products in order to be the best, to break records and to win medals. As long as people remain unaware of it, they are excited by the fantastic performances of their favorite sport stars. However, when doping scandals are revealed, as in cycling for instance, or more recently tennis, it damages the image of the sport for a long time.

Professionalization can also introduce another change, a change in attitudes. Sport becomes and entertainment, something to watch on tv, something that only "professionals" do. And as a consequence, something that non-professionals simply watch, instead of practising at their own level.

As we have seen, professional sports have had a real impact on how sport is considered, turning something that used to be its own reward into a real industry.

 

Les candidats de la série L composant au titre de la LVA (Langue Vivante Approfondie) traiteront les deux sujets suivants.

1. cf. ci-dessus

2. Do you think that sports bring out the best in people ? (150 words)

I do believe that sports bring out the best in people. Whether we are talking about team sports or individual sports, playing sports means having a good time, looking after our health and sharing intense moments with other human beings (team-mates, opponents, other players, etc.). Playing sports teaches us to obey rules and to use our mind and bodies in order to reach a goal, such as winning a game. Sports teach us perseverance and that practice makes us better. Some sports can also have a spectacular unifying power, when millions of people are following the same competition and sharing the same passion.

However, sports can also bring out some of our more unpleasant human traits such as chauvinism, when, like hooligans, we become unable to appreciate the merits of any team but our own. Sports also tend to encourage over-competitive tendencies and turn us into sore losers who cannot appreciate the game anymore, only the medals.

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