Corrigé Anglais LV1 - Bac S Liban 2016

Corrigé Anglais LV1 - Bac S Liban 2016

Voici le corrigé d'Anglais LV1 du Bac S du Liban 2016.

Notre professeur a répondu à toutes les questions de la partie de compréhension écrite et a rédigé tous les sujets d'expression afin que vous puissiez bien comprendre ce qui est attendu de vous durant cette épreuve.

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Corrigé Anglais LV1 - Bac S Liban 2016

Le contenu du document


COMPREHENSION

Tous les candidats traitent les questions 1 à 6.

DOCUMENT A

1. Make a list of the characters

a) who are present. Mrs Weston and George Weston

b) who are mentioned. Robbie the Robot, Gloria


2. Say how these characters are all related.

Gloria is the daughter of Mrs weston and her husband George. Robbie is the Robot they bought two years ago to look after the baby.


3. a) Explain what the main characters are talking about.

The main characters are talking about Mrs Weston's concerns about the reliability of Robbie, the robot in charge of looking after their daughter Gloria.

b) Say how the conversation illustrates the general atmosphere.

Out of the two parents, Mrs Weston is the one who is most worried, and she shows her concern by using insistent phrases to get her husband's attention. He pretends he doesn't know why she worries but l.33 an "involuntary nervous shiver" betrays his true feelings.


4) Choosing among the following adjectives, qualify the general atmosphere from line 1 to line 14. Justify with examples.

warm – tense – friendly – congenial – heavy – hostile - relaxed

Hostile: Mr Weston uses swearwords ("I'm damned sure" l.13, "Damn sight cleverer" l.14)

Tense : Mrs Weston is very insistent ("Will you put down that paper and look at me?" l5, "snatched it away"l.15-16)

Heavy: Mrs Weston is very worried ("I won't have my daughter entrusted to a machine" l.17, "It has no soul" l.18 "Something might go wrong" l.29 "the awful thing will go berserk" l.30-31)


5. Line 8: “It’s Gloria and that terrible machine.”

a) Say what the “machine” is used for. 'the machine' is used for Robbie the robot.

b) Did the two main characters want to buy the “machine” for the same reason at first ? Yes, they both agreed at the time that buying Robbie was a fashionable thing to do and made sense because it would free Mrs Weston.

c) Do they both want to keep the “machine” ? No, now Mrs Weston wants to get rid of 'the machine', but Mr Weston disagrees.


6. Contrast their opinions about the advantages and the inconveniences of the “machine”. Justify by quoting the text.

According to Mrs Weston, Robbie's main advantages at first were that he was "fashionable" (l.23) and that he made her life easier by "taking a load off" her (l.22). As for Mr Weston, he is reassured by the fact that "the machine" was built specifically to look after children and to be "loving and kind" (l.27). However, They are both worried about the fact that the robot "has no soul" (l.18), even though Mr Weston refuses to admit it out loud, he still feels a "nervous shiver" (l.33) at the thought.


Les candidats des series ES-S traitent la question 7.

7. Line 27: “He just can’t help being faithful and loving and kind.”

What does “can’t help” imply ?

"Can't help" here implies that Robbie has no choice but to be kind and loving, that there is absolutely no other possibility for him, because he is a machine and cannot deviate from its original programme.


Tous les candidats traitent les questions 9 à 11.

DOCUMENT B

9. Mention the benefits of the “N.L.S.” oN-Line System.

The N.L.S. is an online system aimed at making human collaboration easier by capturing knowledge and organizing it.


10. Answer the following questions. Justify by quoting the text.

a) Is the NLS a precursor of the internet? Yes, "the project, in other words, was an early version of the Internet." (l.9)

b) Are Shakey and the NLS two different programmes? Yes, "decamped to another research group" (l.3)

c) Why did Bill Duval abandon the programme related to Sharkey? Because he was "frustrated with the limitations of the robotics project" (l.2)


11. Lines 12-14, “Bill Duvall,” as Markoff puts it, “would become the first to make the leap from research to replace humans with computers to using computers to augment the human intellect.”

Explain what this quote means.

This quote means that before Duvall no one had gone from a robotics project to a project where computers were used to help human intelligence instead of imitating and replacing it.


Les candidats des series ES-S traitent la question 12.

12. Document B, lines 21-22: ‘One approach supplants humans with an increasingly powerful blend of computer hardware and software.’

Explain the relationship implied between humans and computers.

The relationship implied in this quote is one of competition between humans and computers, with computers becoming progressively more efficient than human beings.


Tous les candidiats traitent la question 14.

DOCUMENTS A AND B

14. How are the dangers mentioned in document B echoed in document A? (40 words)

Document B mentions the danger of computers becoming more efficient than us and replacing us. This concern is echoed in document A when Mr Weston states that Robbie is a better childminder than a human being because he was created for this sole purpose.


EXPRESSION

Les candidats des séries ES-S traitent les sujets 1 ET 2

1. One of the two main characters in document A writes an article on Robbie’s first day with the Weston family for the local newspaper. (150 words)

THE BEST NANNY MONEY CAN BUY

As anyone with toddlers know, finding the right person to look after them while you're at work is a challenge. How do you know that the person you're interviewing is competent? How can you be sure that he or she is not going to suddenly lose patience and snap at your child, or worse?


Built in Patience

With Robbie, my wife and I are sure that our daughter will always be perfectly looked after. Indeed, this robot was specifically and solely designed to look after children. Not only does it have to obey the First Law of Robotics which prevents all robots from harming humans, but it is also made to be kind and thoughtful. No worries, no distractions, no mistakes.

Robbie may have been fairly expensive but now my wife and I can leave the house knowing that our daughter is safe and well-looked after by someone whose sole purpose in life is to keep her safe and happy.


2. Can technology expand our intellectual, economic and social life as implied in document B, lines 23-24? (150 words)

There are many ways in which technology expands our intellectual, economic and social life. The first example that comes to mind is Google's search engine. Whatever you want to know, from the most trivial to the most scientific question, you can get a good basic understanding of it in a few seconds after googling it. Wikipedia also gives a good introduction to most subjects and studies have shown that its accuracy rate is no worse tha traditional encyclopedias.

Economically speaking, technology enables such innovations as e- and m-commerce which expand the possibility for buying and selling things.

As far as social expansion is concerned, we may think of Facebook, Skype, Twitter or other mobile applications which make it easier than before to keep in touch with our social circles, or even expand it. 

Yet we must never forget that all of these useful applications are ruled by algorithms and that if we don't mae an effort to understand how they work, we are like sheep blindly following others without being able to make our own choices.

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