Corrigé d'Anglais LV1 du Bac S 2018

Corrigé d'Anglais LV1 du Bac S 2018

Retrouvez dès la fin de l'épreuve le corrigé d'Anglais LV1 du Bac S 2018. Tous nos corrigés sont réalisés par des professeurs de l'Éducation nationale !

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Corrigé d'Anglais LV1 du Bac S 2018

Le contenu du document

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Compréhension de l’écrit

Doc A

A.1 True cf. l.3 ‘his first railroad stamp’ (l.3)

A.2 False cf. ‘(...)have no value’ (l.2)

A.3 True cf. ‘he couldn’t stop his fingers from running over its rough skin’ (l. 5-6)

A.4 True cf. ‘he could feel the speed’ (l.6)

 

B. Picture A is the one that most closely the stamp found at the market, since ‘a nibble off the top left edge was missing’ (l. 4-5) and it has ‘a little puff of steam’ (l.8)

C. In this text, trains are closely connected to the idea of frontiers, first as a way to leave ‘an old world and speed across the border into the new’ (l.9), as a sort of man-made bridge to leave the past behind and step into modernity. Then, trains are also seen as means of communication between countries, ‘cross[ing] oceans and cultures’ (l.18). Trains and railroads make the whole world accessible and link ‘every place on the globe’ (l.17)

D. pour les NON-LVA seulement

Alphonse is fascinated by the stamp for two reasons. First, because trains, as man-made objects with the power to cross both time and space, represent ‘the notion of possibility’ (l.10). And secondly, Because the trains depicted in those stamps are to him ‘the definition of dreaming’ (l.14), filled with potential, only limited by the imagination of the artist.

E. LVA seulement

Alphonse is different from outsiders because unlike them, he can see the ‘possibility’ (l.10) hidden in the stamps. To him stamps aren’t just pieces of paper but true works of art.

F. 1) All the stamps mentioned in this paragraph represents ‘the stamps of dead places’ (l.19), and by dead places the author means ‘dead lines’ (l.20) which no longer exist, ‘extinct depots’ (l.20), ‘obsolete’ lines (l.22) or even outdated ‘locomotives made inefficient by technical advances’ (l.25)

2) These stamps sugest several sorts of evolutions, such as economic evolutions which see ‘small independent line (…) bought up and swallowed by larger ones’ (l.24) or technical progress which renders ‘top of the line locomotives (…) inefficient’ (l.25)

G. LVA seulement According to Alphonse and his thought ll. 25-26, stamps are printed memories. Unlike trains and railroads which evolve and become obsolete, stamps endure and stay the same. They preserve the memory of what used to be ‘the ultimate in human achievement’ (ll. 25-26) from the passing of time.

 

DOCUMENT B

H. 1) The written part aims to attract people with the use of a superlative ‘the world’s longest’ and the emphasis on the exceptional nature of the ride since it is ‘the only scenic dome trains in Canada’.

2) Pictural elements also contribute to attracting people by showing a family visibly enjoying the ride, smiling and taking pictures of a beautiful landscape. Besides, on the right-hand side of the envelopethe train is depicted from the outside and looks very modern.

3) This document advertises train rides with a view, which are promoted both as enjoyable and unique experiences.

DOCUMENT C

2) The technology of the project makes it an innovation. Instead of being powered by electric cables, the Hyperloop will use magnetic attaction and solar power, and it could reach far greater speeds than trains today, ‘nearly the speed of sound’ (l.2)

J. c, according to the description ‘pressurized capsules would zoom on a thin cushion of air through pneumatic-style tubes’ (ll. 11-12)

K. No, since Professor Hansman from the MIT described the challenges involved as ‘significant’ (l.20) and compared it to ‘putting a man on the moon’ (l.19)

L. Mayor John Lee sees in this project an innovative economic development opportunity for his town and his region and believes that it will generate employment.

M. LVA seulement In this article, the journalist seems to consider the Hyperloop as a visionary project. Indeed he compares the idea to ‘rip[ping] a page from science fiction and mak[ing] it reality’ (l.11), similar to making a dream come true. What’s more, the journalist compares this project to ‘putting a man on the moon’ (l.19) which is a significant moment in American history which evokes positive image of technical and technological triumphs.

DOCUMENTS A, B, C

N. Non-LVA seulement In all three documents, trains are seen as more than just transportation means and as symbols of progress and evolution. Alphonse uses them as a way to dream and let his imagination run free in Document A. In document C, people use trains to go from one city to another as fast as possible and almost teleport to where they need to be. While document C takes a radically different approach and presents us the ride itself as a source of enjoyment for the whole family.

O. LVA seulement

In all three documents, trains are seen as connectors, links between places. In document A, they cross borders, link far off places and make economic activity possible. In document B, they link travellers with nature, by letting them enjoy beautiful landscapes. And in Document C, allow people to drastically reduce the length of a trip from one city to another, thus diminishing distances between people.

NON LVA SUJET 1 ou 2 au choix

1) Innovation never stops and technical progress means that even brand-new technologies and inventions of today can soon become outdated and abandoned. And yet, does this race for innovation mean that the past must necessarily be forgotten ?

On the one hand, it does. Innovation creates obsolescence. Apart from collectors, very few people choose to stick with outdated devices or technologies when newer ones are available. Even though some people take longer to adopt new technologies than others, eeventually old devices are replaced. Who uses floppy disks anymore ? Or an abacus, when we have computers ? The old replaces the new, performance increases and soon we want more and so on and so forth, the cycle continues. Yet, there are two main arguments against this supposed necessity to forget about the past. First, let us be humble and remember the words of Isaac Newton who said, in the seventeenth century, ‘If I have seen further, it is by standing on the shoulders of giants’, his way to acknowledge his intellectual debt to his predecessors. Likewise, although technical progress is sometimes disruptive and sudden, it can laso be seen as a continuum, where innovators build upon the existing, improve old ideas or refine existing processes. In this way, the past is a necessary condition for progress, like the foundations of a house.

Finally, it is also worth remembering that technical progress does not always mean actual progress, and that sometimes doing things better means going back to a time when they were done differently. Consider for instance agriculture, which has turned into a dehumanized industry in which robots and computer systems manage most of the work. It is now a growing trend to go back to more traditional land-based farming, more respectful of humans, animals and the environment. To conclude, I would say that not only is it not a necessity to forget the past in our quest for progress, it would even be a mistake.

2) Dear friends, fellow innovators and visionaries, They said it was impossible, so we did it. They said it was a dream, so we made it come true. They said it was just a fantasy, so here we are, gathered here in North Los Angeles for the launch of the Hyperloop. I would like to thank all those who, through their hard work and dedication and support, made our collective dream come true. Just like the pioneers of yesterday, building railroads across a vast and still barely tamed continent, we had our share of obstacles and setbacks. But just like them, we never quit. Just like them we persevered, moved by a vision, a goal that we wanted to reach. They wanted to cross a continent, abolish the frontiers of space and geography.

Hyperloop has gone even further. Hyperloop has shrunk space. Not only does it connect places together, it is actually going to change the shape of the world. Thanks to Hyperloop, San Francisco is now a short commute away from Los Angeles. And all of this powered by clean, renewable energy. And this is just a first step ! Imagine sustainably linking continents across oceans. Imagine a world in which you can go from New-York to Beijing in less than a day, without having to worry about your carbon footprint. Travelling at the speed of sound (or close enough), perfectly comfortable inside one of our capsules ! My vision for tomorrow is that of a world where time and space are no longer constraints, where men and women are free to explore and experience the world. To go wherever they want to go, whenever they want to go. This first Hyperloop line is our first step in this direction and with your help and support I know that we can achieve our vision. Dear friends, I now welcome you aboard the Hyperloop !

Série L LVA seulement, vous deviez traiter les deux sujets

3) Celebrating things of the past

To ‘outsiders’ looking in, our passion for collecting aften seems very strange. After all, why do we care so much about rusty coins, torn stamps or bottle caps ? Is it some sort of childish behaviour, or the compulsive need to always possess more ? Is it some manifestation of our competitive spirit, always trying to find the rarest item ? Do we simply have too much time on our hands and nothing useful to do with it (in which case they usually have a suggestion as to how we could make better use of it) ?

Well, after nearly a lifetime spent collecting stamps, coins and even Stabucks city mugs (I know), I cannot deny that there is probably something compulsive about our collector’s drive. But having had the wonderful opportunity to speak to so many of you in our collectors’ community over the years, after long debates and inspiring talks, I propose that what drives us is not childish at all. By collecting objects, we celebrate the past. We preserve tokens of times long gone and protect them lovingly against the passing of time, cherishing every detail. And ours is a beautiful mission.

4) American children’s books author Elisha Cooper once said ‘A train is a small world moving through a larger world’ and this statement may seem very peculiar at first. How could an object be a world ? How can a small world move through another one ?

Let us first consider how a train could represent a small world. Obviously a train is not a planet, but if we consider a world as a diverse group of beings who coexist in the same framework, then a train could be considered a small world. After all, it is a confined space where people of all background who may or may not know each other spend some time going to the same place, at the same time. Besides, while you are in a train, you are effectively apart from the ‘larger world’ since you cannot stop the train, you cannot escape its limits and you cannot easily interact with the rest of the world. And in this smaller world, sometimes unlikely connections are created. You start talking to your neighbour about his knitting project, or you discover that the woman behind you who was kind enough to lend you her phone charger is a fan of your favourite series. These brief relationships usually do not survive the train journey and the return to the larger world, but they show that something special can take place during the journey. 

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